Who in the chain of command bears responsibility for the torture at Abu Ghraib isn't yet clear. , U.S. President George W. Bush stated (2002) that the Geneva ConventionsGeneva Conventions,series of treaties signed (1864–1949) in Geneva, Switzerland, providing for humane treatment of combatants and civilians in wartime. Just a week earlier, the Court heard an appeal on behalf of prisoners detained at Guantanamo Bay.

It has denied that the Geneva Conventions apply to the "enemy combatants" held at Guantanamo Bay and claimed that the president can designate anyone, including an American citizen, an enemy combatant and hold that person indefinitely without charges. Abu Ghraib or Abu Ghurayb (ä`bo͞o grĕb), infamous prison located in the town of Abu Ghraib, c.20 mi (32 km) W of Baghdad, Iraq.Built by British contractors in the 1960s, it occupies c.280 acres (113 hectares) and is comprised of five separate compounds. None of this excuses the prison guards who engaged in torture. No one -- certainly not the president -- was really responsible.

New York City.

The IRC called some of the violations "tantamount to torture.". They can just look at the pictures from Abu Ghraib. In 2003, Abu Ghraib prison earned international notoriety for the torture and abuses by members of the United States Army during the post-invasion period. And that has been the lesson repeatedly during the past two years. Abu Ghraib ( (listen); Arabic: أبو غريب‎, Abū Ghurayb) is a city in the Baghdad Governorate of Iraq, located just west of Baghdad's city center, or northwest of Baghdad International Airport. Nearly 7 Million Under Correctional Supervision In U.S. California DOC Bans Dying Parolee From His Familys Town, BJS Director Sacked For Telling Truth About Racial Profiling, Connecticuts Mistreatment of Mentally Ill Prisoners and Detainees Enjoined, West Virginia Prisoner Sued By Victims Mother Following $50,000 Award, California DOC Diverts $480,000 of Drug Treatment Money for Movie Studio, Sixth Circuit: RLUIPA Held Constitutional Under the Spending Clause, Texas Prisoner Writers Retaliation Lawsuit Proceeds, $150,000 Paid to Indiana Juvenile Jail Detainee for Sexual Assault, Florida's Juvenile Justice: Convicted Sex Offender Rapes Disabled Youth in His Care, Sixth Circuit Reverses Judgment for EMSA Physician, Remands for Trial, BOP Sexually Explicit Materials Ban Requires Factual Development, Jury Awards $858,200 in California Jail Suicide, New York Prisoner Awarded $2,760 for Improper Confinement/Denial Medical Care, Los Angeles County Jail Continues To Over-Incarcerate, Former Illinois Death Row Prisoners Malicious Prosecution Claim Rejected, Reproductive Rights in Theory and Practice: The Meaning of Roe v. Wade for Women in Prison, Neglected New York Prisoner Dies At Jail Following Heart Surgery, Arizona Prisoners Mortality Report Confidentiality Not Federally Protected, BOP Prohibition Against Stock Selling and Receipt of Book Infringes Constitutional Rights, U.S. Prison Population Hits Nearly 2.3 Million In 2004, Laundry Slip and Fall Injury Reaps New York Prisoner $95,000, PLRA Exhaustion Requirement Inapplicable to Suit Filed When Plaintiff Not Incarcerated, Buddhist Prisoner Properly Denied Vegan Diet Under First Amendment; Case Remanded for RLUIPA Claim, Seventh Circuit Reverses Dismissal of Retaliation Claim, California Guards Lose Appeals On Federal Conspiracy Conviction, Bail; Still Free, Native American California Prisoner Entitled to Religious Exception from Prison Hair Grooming Policy, Ninth Circuit Reverses Denial of IFP Status Under §1915(g); Defendants Bear Burden of Establishing I, New York Governor Pataki Institutes Lawless Civil Commitment, Indiana Court of Appeals: Standard of Medical Care Same In and Out of Prison, Texas Group Finds Correlation between Incarceration Rate and Academic Achievement, Fifth Circuit: Texas May Not Enforce Rule Prohibiting Religious Beards, Tennessee Supreme Court: No Separate Parole Dates for Consecutive Sentences, Oklahoma Legislators Not Considering Closing State Prisons, Unless They Are, Phoenix New Times Executives Arrested for Reporting About Sheriff Joe Arpaio, Riots at CCA Prisons Reveal Weaknesses in Out-of-State Imprisonment Policies, Iowa Sued Over Proselytizing Fundamentalist Christian Prison Program, Report on Status of Guantanamo Prisoners Released; Controversy Continues, $50,000 Settlement with Corizon in Failure to Treat Suit in Florida, Mother of Decapitated Prisoner Sues California Prison Officials for Housing Her Son with Prisoner Who Tried to Murder Previous Cellmate. Taken by Harman and her fellow guards (left) over a period in 2003 and first made known to the public in media reports in late April 2004, the photographs still make for highly shocking and genuinely disturbing viewing.

Only now Americans were responsible. To date, Abu Ghraib prisoners have seen little, if any, justice for the torture they endured. In the wake of the events of Sept. 11, 2001 (see 9/119/11,the terrorist attacks on Sept. 11, 2001, in the United States, and the associated events and impact of those attacks.The attacks, which were carried out by agents of Al Qaeda (a militant Islamic terrorist group led by Osama bin Laden) used three hijacked commercial..... Click the link for more information. In Jan., 2004, reports by soldiers of abuse at Abu Ghraib led to an Army investigation headed by Maj. Gen. Antonio Taguba, who detailed widespread abuses there in a Mar., 2004, report.

Gen. Janis Karpinski, who led the 800th Military Police Brigade, and in Aug., 2003, was reopened and used to hold criminals and later those suspected of terrorist activities. In September military intelligence officers assumed control of parts of the facility, and the following month Col. Thomas Pappas, head of the 205th Military Intelligence Brigade, assumed command of the prison. Iraq partially rebuilt the facility afterward, and US Secretary of State Colin Powell falsely cited it again as a weapons production plant in the run-up to the Iraq War, even though the CIA’s own investigation had concluded that the site had been bombed “in the mistaken belief that it was a key BW [Biological Weapon] facility.” Also, an examination of suspected weapons facilities by the Iraq Survey Group later determined that the plant, in disuse for some time, housed discarded infant formula, but found no evidence of weapons production.The city is also the site of Abu Ghraib prison, which was one of the sites where political dissidents were incarcerated under former ruler Saddam Hussein. Direct questions about permissions to permissions@prospect.org. The Abu Ghraib scandal may, however, yet bring one positive result. Soldiers can make bad decisions, as highly pub-licized incidents of moral failures from Abu Ghraib to Bagram Airbase to Mahmudiya have revealed. Paul Starr,

We're doing our best to make sure our content is useful, accurate and safe.If by any chance you spot an inappropriate comment while navigating through our website please use this form to let us know, and we'll take care of it shortly. The American Prospect, June, 2004. Thousands of these dissidents were tortured and executed.

Get instant definitions for any word that hits you anywhere on the web! None of this excuses the prison guards who engaged in torture. Since the release of the Abu Ghraib prison abuse photos, there has been speculation as to whether the administration knew of or even sanctioned the use of torture.

The justices no longer have to speculate about the potential dangers of such unchecked power. But the president, not just the secretary of defense, is responsible for the policies that lay behind this disaster and for the general attitude that the urgent demands of the "war on terrorism" require us to put aside law and liberty. The abuses came to public attention with the publication of photographs of the abuse by CBS News in April 2004.

See M. Danner, Torture and Truth: America, Abu Ghraib, and the War on Terror (2004); S. Strasser, ed., The Abu Ghraib Investigations (2004); K. J. Greenberg, J. L. Dratel, and A. Lewis, The Torture Papers: The Road to Abu Ghraib (2005); J. Jaffer and A. Direct questions about permissions to permissions@prospect.org.

Copyright � 2004 by The American Prospect, Inc.

The Abu Ghraib scandal may, however, yet bring one positive result. We're doing our best to make sure our content is useful, accurate and safe.If by any chance you spot an inappropriate image within your search results please use this form to let us know, and we'll take care of it shortly. The Abu Ghraib scandal may, however, yet bring one positive result. The Abu Ghraib scandal may, however, yet bring one positive result.

No one -- certainly not the president -- was really responsible. After Saddam Hussein's fall, the Abu Ghraib prison was used by American forces in Iraq.