The coastline of the United Kingdom is formed by a variety of natural features including islands, bays, headlands and peninsulas. Coastlines of submergence are formed when the rising sea level partially drowns a coast or when part of the crust sinks. Furthermore, the measurement of any coastline is subject to variation depending upon the scale of map used. Although every coastline is a unique creation of ocean waves acting on distinctive land masses, we can identify seven important types of coasts, shown in Figure 16.18. Prime objective of this lecture is to present on Types of Coastline. If the larger islands are added, the coastline as measured by the standard method at Mean High Water Mark rises to about 19,491 miles (31,368 km). The inlets have steep parallel walls and U-shaped valleys. Content Filtration 6. Prohibited Content 3. Such composite features are found in North Carolina, West Sussex and West Coast of India. Uploader Agreement, Classification of Coastlines and Shorelines, The Marine Landforms and Cycle of Erosion, Joints: Definition, Classification and Consideration | Geology, Classification of Landforms | Landforms | Geology, Evolution of Landforms: 3 Stages | Landforms | Geology, Origin of Rift Valleys | Valleys | Geology, International Tourism in India: Introduction, History, Trends, Opportunities and Future, Forestry: Definition, Branches, Costs, Programme and Conclusion | Geography, Contribution of Russia to World Geography (In Hindi), French Scholars and their Contribution to Geography in Hindi. Before uploading and sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. The shoreline of the Atlantic coast of North America is of this type.

Fiord coastline is the result of drowned glaciated valleys. This type of coastline is seen in Yugoslavia and in Bombay region. Winds and waves, tides and currents, migrating sand dunes and mud flats, a variety of plant and animal life — all combine to form our ever-changing coasts. [3], The United Kingdom's coastline is more broken than coastlines of many other countries. The mapping authority for the United Kingdom, the Ordnance Survey, records the coastline of the main island, Great Britain, as 11,072.76 miles, rounding to 11,073 miles (17,820 km). Copyright 9. The coastline of the United Kingdom is formed by a variety of natural features including islands, bays, headlands and peninsulas. Factors and forces in the formation of coastal features. [1] According to the CIA Factbook, the length of the UK coastline is around 12,429 km or 7,723 miles, although no details are provided about how this figure was calculated. ", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Coastline_of_the_United_Kingdom&oldid=982730696, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Articles with disputed statements from August 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Loch Torridon, Carron, Etive, Creran, Eriboll, Seaforth and about a hundred others, This page was last edited on 9 October 2020, at 23:51. Of the remaining islands, some are used for farming and are occupied occasionally, some are nature reserves with restricted access and some are little more than sea-swept rocks. These are formed by the building of the land into the sea. Such a shoreline is conspicuously straight with no irregularities. Ria coastline is the result of drowned river valleys. Kerala coast is also another example. It is formed of soft sediments and the sandy strips run parallel to the coast. [citation needed] The British Cartographic Society points out that "The true answer is: it depends!". Haff coastline is the low and regular coastline found in Eastern Germany. For example, the coastline of Italy is around 9,226 km in length, France 7,330 km and Spain 7,268 km. Large stretches have been designated areas of natural beauty, notably the Jurassic Coast and various stretches referred to as heritage coast.