Each of the three structures has distinct patterns of reactional behaviour that is caused by the arousal of some motive. The close relative of isolation, is intellectualization. Although some beneficial results were found in eye surgery, which have been credited to Freud’s friend Carl Koller, the general outcome was disastrous.

In other words, we may describe the fact of this relationship that mother “commands a lot of cathexis in the child’s psychological functioning”—the fact is evident through the behaviour of the child who carries out whatever is asked to be done by his mother. In late 1885 Freud left Vienna to continue his studies of neuropathology at the Salpêtrière clinic in Paris, where he worked under the guidance of Jean-Martin Charcot. For all these systems. As in case of hunger as an instinctual drive, satisfying or gratification of the same, is the Internal Aim—in respect of each drive, an internal aim remains constant to it. Ego is realistic and makes the person appreciate the realities of the situation and makes him behave in the wider interests of his self. They are the indicators of development in the person­ality which is the result of biological maturity and the experiences earned.
Freud has traced the development of a child not on the basis of his overt behaviour but his study of the development of the child is based on his psychological functioning. 5. In 1873 Freud was graduated from the Sperl Gymnasium and, apparently inspired by a public reading of an essay by Goethe on nature, turned to medicine as a career. The Superego represents the cultural restrictions on the expression of instinctual drives.


Excitation discharges energy, the source of which is some instinctual drive. Intellectuahsation is a cognitive function; it consists of understanding situation cognitively so that appropriate means may be thought out to accomplish the objectives without being swept off by the affective side of the drive expression. An individual at the level of “Ego” or “Superego”, has his “Self-image” developed, and if an idea threatens his “Self-image”, or is against his “Self- esteem”, he would attempt to repress such an idea.

“Cognition, or conscious experiencing of the drives representation, occurs where the aim of the drive is not achieved”.

Here, we are giving each of the three models as given by Rappaport: The infant grows restless as drive accumulates and it demands immediate gratification. While cathexis focuses attention on the object to be achieved, hyper-cathexis leads the subject to think realistically and logistically also about means and modalities which are essential for the achievement of object. A drive motivation which is undesirable, but which being too strong to be prevented from consciousness, makes one to adopt a defense mechanism of attributing that undesirable characteristic or drive motivation to another person; this mechanism is called Projection—one projects something undesirable into one’s character, into that of another. Disclaimer Copyright, Psychology Discussion - Discuss Anything About Psychology, Personality Development of a Child | Psychology, Piaget’s Cognitive Theory of Child Development, Psychoanalytic Theory of Child Development | Psychology, Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development | Child, Emotional Development of a Child during First Two Years, Leadership Theories: Top 11 Theories of Leadership, Theories of Motivation in Management: Top 7 Theories, Notes on Attitude: Introduction, Formation, Changes and Measurement | Psychology, Notes on Socialization: Introduction, Culture, Structure, Status and Conflict | Psychology, Difference between Modern Family and Traditional Family | Psychology. He trained (1882–85) as a clinical assistant at the General Hospital in Vienna and studied (1885–86) in Paris under neurologist Jean-Martin Charcot. Freud found that the motivation which makes one behave is the same both in case of a clinical patient and a normal person. Do Minority Kids Face More Danger During Surgeries? We may have seen people denying an impending unpleasant event; for example, when a driver says, “I do not feel sleepy when I so determine,” the probability is that he may be feeling the impact of sleep while he so declares. Cathexis describes how energy is distributed or deployed. In the primary-process thinking, thought of the drive is the only connecting thread. These mechanisms are the corner— stones of one’s personality, and, the behaviour of an individual can be predicted because of the mechanisms that one would adopt under certain circumstances. So, hand-washing has been quoted as an example of displacement, also a sort of defense mechanism.

Freud’s psychoanalysis theory of child development is the result of such a study.

Whether or not one interprets this episode in terms that call into question Freud’s prudence as a scientist, it was of a piece with his lifelong willingness to attempt bold solutions to relieve human suffering. His mother, Amalia Nathanson, was nineteen years old when she married Jacob Freud, aged thirty-nine.

Freud had been suffering agonizing pain caused by an inoperable cancerous tumour in his eye socket and cheek. Author of. Another part of Freud's theory focused on identifying the parts of consciousness. Freud’s psychoanalysis theory is an important one among them. It provides the most important instinctual drive. 3.

The overt behaviour of the person makes these vicissitudes evident. Freud’s father, Jakob, was a Jewish wool merchant who had been married once before he wed the boy’s mother, Amalie Nathansohn.