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; Ruzek, JI. (Feb 2007). Ro, Cookies help us deliver our services. Full list of synonyms for Psychological trauma is here. ; Shea, MT. In this connection one other exciting cause of scurvy may be mentioned, namely, trauma. ; Resick, PA.; Foa, EB. Synonyms for psychological trauma include nervous breakdown, breakdown, collapse, crack-up, mental collapse, nervous exhaustion, tailspin, burnout, crackup and … ; Chard, KM. Victims of traumatic occurrences who were debriefed immediately after the event in general do far better than others who received therapy at a later time, though there is also evidence to suggest forcing immediate debriefing may distort the natural psychological healing process.

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or medical emergencies. Avoidance responses may involve the absence of expected activation or emotional reactivity as well as the use of avoidance mechanisms (e.g., substance use, effortful avoidance of cues associated with the event, dissociation). Hickey, E. W. (2010).

Individuals’ scores on such tests are compared to normative data in order to determine how the individual’s level of functioning compares to others in a sample representative of the general population. This is also seen when people or institutions, depended on for survival, violate or betray or disillusion the person in some unforeseen way.[2]. ○   Anagrams Roget's 21st Century Thesaurus, Third Edition Copyright © 2013 by the Philip Lief Group. Self-medication is the use of drugs, alcohol, or other self-soothing forms of behavior to treat mental distress, stress, anxiety,[10] mental illnesses and/or other effects of psychological trauma.[11][12].

The term is also applicable to the effects of exposure to contexts in which gang violence and crime are endemic as well as to the effects of ongoing exposure to life threats in high-risk occupations such as police, fire and emergency services.

In J. Kauffman (Ed.). By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. Such tests might include the Posttraumatic Stress Diagnostic Scale (PDS; Foa, 1995), Davidson Trauma Scale (DTS: Davidson et al., 1997), Detailed Assessment of Posttraumatic Stress (DAPS; Briere, 2001), Trauma Symptom Inventory (TSI: Briere, 1995), and Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children (TSCC; Briere, 1996). Psychological trauma is treated with therapy and, if indicated, psychotropic medications. psychology, psychotic, psychedelic, psychopath. Psychological trauma is a type of damage to the psyche that occurs as a result of a traumatic event.  |  Trauma can be caused by man-made and natural disasters, including war, abuse, violence, earthquakes, mechanized accidents (car, train, or plane crashes, etc.)

A traumatic event involves a single experience, or an enduring or repeating event or events, that completely overwhelm the individual's ability to cope or integrate the ideas and emotions involved with that experience. ; Chow, BK. ; Clum, GA.; Young-Xu, Y. ; Resick, PA.; Thurston, V. et al. There is also a distinction between trauma induced by recent situations and long-term trauma which may have been buried in the unconscious from past situations such as childhood abuse. In time, emotional exhaustion may set in, leading to distraction, and clear thinking may be difficult or impossible.

"Dissemination of evidence-based psychological treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder in the Veterans Health Administration.". This can lead to the traumatic events being constantly experienced as if they were happening in the present, preventing the subject from gaining perspective on the experience. Beading of this character has been reported by Ingier also in the “snuffles” of hogs and as the result of trauma. (Aug 2011). Each square carries a letter. ; Engel, CC. ; Foa, EB.

English thesaurus is mainly derived from The Integral Dictionary (TID). ; Hembree, EA. In addition, psychological testing might include the use of trauma-specific tests to assess posttraumatic outcomes. ©2020 Reverso-Softissimo. However, different people will react differently to similar events.

A number of psychotherapy approaches have been designed with the treatment of trauma in mind—EMDR, Somatic Experiencing, Biofeedback, Internal Family Systems Therapy, and Sensorimotor psychotherapy. "Prolonged exposure therapy for post-traumatic stress disorder: a review of evidence and dissemination.". Such difficulties may be evidenced by mood swings, brief yet intense depressive episodes, or self-mutilation. Change the target language to find translations. “Affect” vs. “Effect”: Use The Correct Word Every Time. Through discussion of interpersonal relationships, the clinician is better able to assess the individual’s ability to enter and sustain a clinical relationship. Bessel A. van der Kolk; Alexander C. McFarlane; Lars Weisaeth (1996). All rights reserved. There is a large body of empirical support for the use of cognitive behavioral therapy [14] [15] for the treatment of trauma-related symptoms [16], including Posttraumatic Stress Disorder [17]. The clinician may also inquire about possible relational disturbance, such as alertness to interpersonal danger, abandonment issues, and the need for self-protection via interpersonal control. ; Friedman, MJ. They may turn to psychoactive substances including alcohol to try to escape the feelings. When that trauma leads to posttraumatic stress disorder, damage may involve physical changes inside the brain and to brain chemistry, which changes the person's response to future stress. Join our early testers! French neurologist Jean-Martin Charcot argued[when?] Get XML access to reach the best products. The information gathered through observation of affect regulation will guide the clinician’s decisions regarding the individual’s readiness to partake in various therapeutic activities.

Karlin, BE. Trauma is often overcome through healing; in some cases this can be achieved by recreating or revisiting the origin of the trauma under more psychologically safe circumstances, such as with a therapist. In addition to monitoring activation and avoidance responses, clinicians carefully observe the individual’s strengths or difficulties with affect regulation (i.e., affect tolerance and affect modulation). This can produce a pattern of prolonged periods of acute arousal punctuated by periods of physical and mental exhaustion.[7]. The sense of being overwhelmed can be delayed by weeks, years or even decades, as the person struggles to cope with the immediate circumstances.

There is frequently a violation of the person's familiar ideas about the world and of their human rights, putting the person in a state of extreme confusion and insecurity. 10 Types Of Nouns Used In The English Language.

People who go through these types of extremely traumatic experiences often have certain symptoms and problems afterward. Reactions to and symptoms of trauma can be wide and varied, and differ in severity from person to person. Search psychological trauma and thousands of other words in English definition and synonym dictionary from Reverso. A traumatized individual may experience one or several of them. ○   Lettris Add new content to your site from Sensagent by XML.

Trauma plays a very important rle in determining the location of the deeper as well as of the superficial hemorrhages.

(Apr 2008). Panic attacks are an example of a psychosomatic response to such emotional triggers. Top synonyms for psychological trauma (other words for psychological trauma) are psychological injuries, mental injury and psychological injury.  | 

Psychological Trauma synonyms. In other words, not all people who experience a potentially traumatic event will actually become psychologically traumatized. Choose the design that fits your site. Institute of Medicine guidelines identify cognitive behavioral therapies as the most effective treatments for PTSD [18].

One person may experience an event as traumatic while another person would not suffer trauma as a result of the same event.
The person may not remember what actually happened while emotions experienced during the trauma may be reexperienced without the person understanding why (see Repressed memory). Straker, Gillian (1987). Company Information  | Last modifications, Copyright © 2012 sensagent Corporation: Online Encyclopedia, Thesaurus, Dictionary definitions and more.

Schnurr, PP.