The first volume of the official series Scavi di Ostia appeared in 1954; it was devoted to a topography of the town by Italo Gismondi and after a hiatus the research still continues today. Ostia itself was provided with all the services a town of the time could require; in particular, a famous lighthouse. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. Cite This Work The knocking down of some apartment blocks replaced by houses of the rich was "thought to have signalled the disappearance of Ostia's once-vibrant group of non-elite residents and labourers"..."recent research has suggested we take a more nuanced view of residential patterns and social demography in the Late Antique city". The city housed the headquarters of the Prefect of the Annona and his large staff. After the end of the Western Roman Empire in 476 (traditional date: Julius Nepos died 480 was the last legitimate emperor), Ostia fell slowly into decay as the population of Rome, 700-800,000 in A.D. 400 contracted to 200,000 or less in 500 A.D.

Although originally situated at the mouth of the river, because of silting, it is now some 3 km east of the present river mouth although still located on the south bank of the Tiber. Retrieved from [6], Ostia was a scene of fighting during the period of the civil wars between Gaius Marius and Sulla during the 1st century BC. Yet Ostia provides an excellent opportunity to explore and experience Rome at it’s zenith of power, commercially and politically. [8] During the sack,[9] the port was set on fire, the consular war fleet was destroyed, and two prominent senators were kidnapped. The theatre as seen from the ancient main road. Web. The Grandi Horrea began under Claudius and their function clearly correspond to the grain shipments which would be hosted by his new harbour. Some time in the 2nd century CE (perhaps under Septimius Severus) partition walls were added which resulted in the creation of some 60 smaller spaces. Nothing is visible today except a series of small corridors and chambers mostly in opus reticulatum (diamond-shaped bricks). Horrea Epagathiana was a large warehouse owned by two freedmen, Epagathus and Epaphroditus. who used the remains as a sort of marble storehouse for the palazzi they were building in Rome. A naval battle, the Battle of Ostia, was fought there in 849 between Christians and Saracens; the remaining inhabitants moved to Gregoriopolis a short distance away.[12]. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. Nothing much remains either of the temple or its forecourt but both its size and central location make it one of the more significant temples in the city. This castrum exerted a major influence on the subsequent layout of the city and the remains of its wall may be seen, inter alia (among other things), bordering the Piazza dei Lari to the east. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. [21] This view has been challenged by Boin, who states Namatianus' verse is a literary construct and not consistent with the archaeological record, ibid. The Streets of Ancient Ostia: Self-guided Walks to Archeological Sites... Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. [3] The oldest archaeological remains so far discovered date back to only the 4th century BC.

Located at the south end of the forum, only the substructure remains. It has only been partially excavated. It consists of a structure in marble-clad brick sitting on a high podium and is approached from the south by a wide set of marble steps. [2] The site is noted for the excellent preservation of its ancient buildings, magnificent frescoes and impressive mosaics. Ostia grew to 50,000 inhabitants in the 2nd century, reaching a peak of some 100,000 inhabitants in the 2nd and 3rd centuries AD. Under Trajan an ambitious expansion to the Portus complex was completed in the years 106-113 CE. There are significant baths in the city and amongst the best known are the Baths of Neptune. [25] The site has dining, and other facilities. Its round form suggests parallels to the Pantheon in Rome; like that temple it may have been dedicated to all the gods but the finding of large portrait heads of the Emperors in other parts of Ostia suggests that it was dedicated to the deified emperors. The horrea (sing. In 2014, a geophysical survey using magnetometry, among other techniques, revealed the existence of a boundary wall on the north side of the Tiber enclosing an unexcavated area of the city containing three massive warehouses. The long straight roads built by the Romans wherever they conquered... Daily Life in the Roman City: Rome, Pompeii, and Ostia. Ostia Antica is a large archaeological site, close to the modern town of Ostia, that is the location of the harbour city of ancient Rome, 15 miles (25 kilometres) southwest of Rome. Following the establishment of the castrum, by the 3rd century BCE Ostia was primarily a naval base; in 278 BCE it received a fleet sent from Carthage to assist the Romans against Pyrrhus and it was the port of departure in 217 BCE for supplies to assist the army fighting Hannibal in Spain. The town was also soon enriched by the construction of a new harbour on the northern mouths of the Tiber (which reaches the sea with a larger mouth in Ostia, Fiumara Grande, and a narrower one near to the current Fiumicino International Airport).