Thirty-three minutes after he finished speaking, Congress declared war on Japan, with only one Representative, Jeannette Rankin, voting against the declaration. Attacking the U.S. aircraft on Oahu was an essential component of the Japanese attack plan. Get Morning Report and other email newsletters. The public was shocked and outraged. Tiger! Tora!" (AP Photo), An undamaged light cruiser steams out past the burning USS Arizona and takes to sea with the rest of the fleet during the Japanese aerial attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on Dec. 7, 1941 during World War II. (AP Photo/U.S. The loud booms, pillars of smoke, and low-flying enemy aircraft shocked many into the realization that this was not a training exercise; Pearl Harbor was really under attack. At the end of the speech, Roosevelt asked Congress to declare war on Japan. 160 aircraft were destroyed and 150 others damaged.

Oklahoma capsized. (AP Photo/Matty Zimmerman), “Japanese cabinet meets in emergency session,” is the bulletin shown in Times Square’s news zipper in lights on the New York Times building, New York, Dec. 7, 1941. (AP Photo/Robert Kradin), Unidentified attaches of the Japanese consulate began burning papers, ledgers and other records shortly after Japan went to war against the U.S., Dec. 7, 1941, in New Orleans. The Japanese were extremely successful at destroying most of the U.S. aircraft. Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Three dead in separate shooting, stabbing overnight in San Jose, Historic photos of Pearl Harbor attack on Dec. 7, 1941. (AP Photo/U.S. (AP Photo/File), Unidentified Japanese men, taken into custody under an order issued by Pres.

At 7:15 a.m., the Japanese aircraft carriers, plagued by even rougher seas, launched 167 additional planes to participate in the second wave of the attack on Pearl Harbor.

The probability of success depended heavily on complete surprise. In total, 183 Japanese aircraft took to the air as part of the first wave of the attack on Pearl Harbor. Within five minutes of the beginning of the attack, several gunners had reached their anti-aircraft guns and were trying to shoot down the Japanese planes. (AP Photo), Battle ship Arizona at pearl Harbor, December 1941.

Minutes later the full impact of the assault was felt and Pearl Harbor became a flaming target. Naval Base at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. Directed by John Ford, Gregg Toland. (AP Photo), Hawaii residents comb thru wreckage on Dec. 17, 1941 after Japanese bombing raids on December 7. (AP Photo/Horace Cort), Troops man a machine gun nest at Wheeler Field, which adjoins Schofield Barracks in Honolulu, after the Japanese attack on the island of Oahu, Dec. 7, 1941. Watching from left to right are, Rep. Sol Bloom, D-N.Y.; Rep. Luther Johnson, D-Texas; Rep. Charles A. Eaton, R-N.J.; Rep. Joseph Martin, R-Mass.

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Worried that they might be spotted by another ship, the Japanese attack force continually zig-zagged and avoided major shipping lines. (AP Photo, U.S. Navy, File), Rescue workers help evacuate the Lunalilo High School in Honolulu after the roof of the main building was hit by a bomb during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii in this Dec. 7, 1941 file photo. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. After just two hours of bombing more than 2,400 Americans were dead, 21 ships* had either been sunk or damaged, and more than 188 U.S. aircraft destroyed. Just before the first bombs dropped on Pearl Harbor, Commander Mitsuo Fuchida, leader of the air attack, called out, "Tora! Post was not sent - check your email addresses!

(AP Photo), The destroyer USS Shaw explodes after being hit by bombs during the Japanese surprise attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on December 7, 1941. (AP Photo), This picture, taken by a Japanese photographer, shows how American ships are clustered together before the surprise Japanese aerial attack on Pear Harbor, HI., on Sunday morning, Dec. 7, 1941. The first wave of Japanese planes reached the U.S. Sneaking six aircraft carriers, nine destroyers, two battleships, two heavy cruisers, one light cruiser, and three submarines across the Pacific Ocean was not an easy task. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our. ; Vice President Henry A. Wallace; House Speaker Sam Rayburn, D-Texas; Rep. John McCormack, D-Mass. However, all five of these midget subs were sunk during the attack on Pearl Harbor. Chinese Zodiac: Snake All this damage was done by the Japanese, who suffered very few losses themselves -- just 29 aircraft and five midget subs. (AP Photo), Believed to be the first bomb dropped on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii in the sneak-attack on Dec. 7, 1941, this picture was found torn to pieces at Yokusuka Base by photographer’s mate 2/C Martin J. Shemanski of Plymouth, Pa. One Japanese plane is shown pulling out of a dive near bomb eruption (center) and another the air at upper right. Star Sign: Sagittarius, 1st Japanese midget submarine (No. 1888), Herbert C. Jones, United States Navy, Medal of Honor recipient, killed in Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (b. With only one dissenting vote (by Representative Jeannette Rankin from Montana), Congress declared war, officially bringing the United States into World War II. All Access Digital offer for just 99 cents! Here’s why, The Latest: Melbourne eases restrictions after cases drop, Trump leans into fear tactics in bid to win Midwest states, Organizers exhort women to vote for change at US rallies. Navy), This photograph, from a Japanese film later captured by American forces, is taken aboard the Japanese aircraft carrier Zuikaku, just as a Nakajima “Kate” B-5N bomber is launching off deck for the second wave of the attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on December 7, 1941. They wanted to continue their expansion within Asia but the United States had placed an extremely restrictive embargo on Japan in the hopes of curbing Japan's aggression.

The death toll among Americans was quite high. (AP Photo/Mary Naiden), FILE – In this Dec. 7, 1941 file photo, people buy newspapers reporting the Japanese attack on U.S. bases in the Pacific Ocean, at Times Square in New York. Arizona while also capsizing the U.S.S. Two men can be seen on the superstructure, upper center. Tora! (AP Photo/U.S. ; Sen. Charles L. McNary, R-Ore.; Sen. Alben W. Barkley, D-Ky.; Sen. Carter Glass, D-Va.; and Sen. Tom Connally, D-Texas. 78 years, 10 months and 11 days The History Place - World War II in Europe Timeline: December 7, 1941 - Japanese Bomb Pearl Harbor Aboard a Japanese carrier before the attack on Pearl Harbor, crew members cheer departing pilots. Navy), The battleship USS West Virginia is seen afire after the Japanese surprise attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on December 7, 1941. All Japanese planes had returned to their aircraft carriers by 12:14 p.m. and just an hour later, the Japanese attack force began their long journey homeward. Attack on Pearl Harbor. Naval Station at Pearl Harbor (located on the south side of the Hawaiian island of Oahu) at 7:55 a.m. on December 7, 1941. On the morning of December 7, 1941, there were eight U.S. battleships at Pearl Harbor, seven of which were lined up at what was called Battleship Row, and one (the Pennsylvania) was in dry dock for repairs. The response was overwhelmingly positive, both within and outside of Congress. The attack took the country by surprise, especially the ill-prepared Pearl Harbor base. Rather than giving in to U.S. demands, the Japanese decided to launch a surprise attack against the United States in an attempt to destroy the United States' naval power even before an official announcement of war was given. (AP Photo), A small boat rescues a USS West Virginia crew member from the water after the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on Dec. 7, 1941 during World War II. From left are: USS West Virginia, severely damaged; USS Tennessee, damaged; and USS Arizona, sunk. 1895). At 6:00 a.m., the Japanese aircraft carriers began launching their planes amid the rough sea. With Walter Huston, Harry Davenport, Dana Andrews, Paul Hurst.

(AP Photo/Robert Kradin). The Japanese had been hoping to catch U.S. aircraft carriers at Pearl Harbor, but the aircraft carriers were out to sea that day. (AP Photo), Officers’ wives, investigating explosion and seeing smoke pall in distance on Dec. 7, 1941, heard neighbor Mary Naiden, then an Army hostess who took this picture, exclaim “There are red circles on those planes overhead. Learn More. Historic photos of Pearl Harbor attack on Dec….
On November 26, 1941, the Japanese attack force, led by Vice Admiral Chuichi Nagumo, left Etorofu Island in the Kurils (located northeast of Japan) and began its 3,000-mile journey across the Pacific Ocean. Naval Base at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii.