[51] On average, a herd could maintain a healthy weight moving about 15 miles (25 km) per day. 74. Most of Alberta's ranchers were English settlers, but cowboys such as John Ware—who brought the first cattle into the province in 1876—were American. [128] Cowboys are more often associated with (mostly fictitious) Indian-fighting than with their actual life of ranch work and cattle-tending. Therefore, the 1866 drive failed to reach the railroad, and the cattle herds were sold for low prices. Boys and girls are more apt to compete against one another in all events in high-school rodeos as well as O-Mok-See competition, where even boys can be seen in traditionally "women's" events such as barrel racing. Zur Ausrüstung eines Cowboys gehörten gute Cowboystiefel: Durch die hohen Absätze rutschte der Reiter nicht aus den Steigbügeln und mit den an der Rückseite befestigten Sporen konnte er problemlos durch das dichte Fell seines meist ungebürsteten Pferdes dringen. While cattle ranches defined by barbed wire fences replaced the open range just as they did in the US, the cowboy influence lives on. Ranching in Canada has traditionally been dominated by one province, Alberta. The words "buckaroo" and vaquero are still used on occasion in the Great Basin, parts of California and, less often, in the Pacific Northwest. In 2005, the United States Senate declared the fourth Saturday of July as "National Day of the American Cowboy" via a Senate resolution and has subsequently renewed this resolution each year, with the United States House of Representatives periodically issuing statements of support. Informal competition arose between cowboys seeking to test their cattle and horse-handling skills against one another, and thus, from the necessary tasks of the working cowboy, the sport of rodeo developed. In den späten 70er Jahren des 19. "Cowhand" appeared in 1852, and "cowpoke" in 1881, originally restricted to the individuals who prodded cattle with long poles to load them onto railroad cars for shipping. There was also a limited market for hides, horns, hooves, and tallow in assorted manufacturing processes. It was used in Britain from 1820 to 1850 to describe young boys who tended the family or community cows. Though anti-sodomy laws were common in the Old West, they often were only selectively enforced. [56] A significant number of African-American freedmen also were drawn to cowboy life, in part because there was not quite as much discrimination in the west as in other areas of American society at the time. It wasn't until the advent of Wild West Shows that "cowgirls" came into their own. The Hawaiian style of ranching originally included capturing wild cattle by driving them into pits dug in the forest floor. [65], The traditions of the working cowboy were further etched into the minds of the general public with the development of Wild West Shows in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, which showcased and romanticized the life of both cowboys and Native Americans. Some estimates suggest that in the late 19th century, one out of every three cowboys was a Mexican vaquero, and 20% may have been African-American. Similarly, the phrase "all hat and no cattle" is used to describe someone (usually male) who boasts about himself, far in excess of any actual accomplishments. [76] Settlers from the United States did not enter California until after the Mexican–American War, and most early settlers were miners rather than livestock ranchers, leaving livestock-raising largely to the Spanish and Mexican people who chose to remain in California.

Ein Arbeitstag hatte oft 16 Stunden, von denen der Cowboy bis zu 10 Stunden im Sattel saß. [52], On average, a single herd of cattle on a drive numbered about 3,000 head. In some cases, the cowboy and the violent gunslinger are often associated with one another. [131] In the late 1950s, a Congolese youth subculture calling themselves the Bills based their style and outlook on Hollywood's depiction of cowboys in movies. Updates? However, the reality is that many people, particularly in the West, including lawyers, bankers, and other white collar professionals wear elements of Western clothing, particularly cowboy boots or hats, as a matter of form even though they have other jobs. The need to cover distances greater than a person on foot could manage gave rise to the development of the horseback-mounted vaquero. This style of cattle ranching spread throughout much of the Iberian peninsula, and later was imported to the Americas. Das Leben der Viehtreiber spielte sich überwiegend im Freien ab: Hier wurde nicht nur gearbeitet, sondern auch gegessen und oftmals – wenn sie sich nicht auf einer Ranch befanden – geschlafen. [45] However, at the end of the American Civil War, Philip Danforth Armour opened a meat packing plant in Chicago, which became known as Armour and Company. Das damalige Leben der Cowboys hatte nicht viel mit dem gemein, was uns die Filmindustrie vermittelt: In Wirklichkeit war die Arbeit eines Cowboys eine harte körperliche Tätigkeit, die kaum Raum für Ausschweifungen ließ. Both types were rounded up, and the mature animals tamed, a process called horse breaking, or "bronco-busting," (var. [27] California, on the other hand, did not see a large influx of settlers from the United States until after the Mexican–American War.