By warning Soon afterwards Jerusalem was indeed destroyed in 586 BC as Jeremiah prophesied. California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. to him that his word would be rejected and yet he was not to be afraid of their
any more after the imagination of their evil heart.
Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. NIV, Cultural Backgrounds Study Bible, Red Letter Edition: Bringing to Life the Ancient World of Scripture, NIV, The Story: The Bible as One Continuing Story of God and His People, NIV, Beautiful Word Bible Journal, Romans, Comfort Print, NIV, Beautiful Word Bible Journal, Luke, Comfort Print, NIV, Biblical Theology Study Bible, Comfort Print: Follow God’s Redemptive Plan as It Unfolds throughout Scripture, NIV, Story of Jesus: Experience the Life of Jesus as One Seamless Story. a traitor in the eyes of many. The Northern Kingdom of Israel, The Southern Kingdom of Judah, is mentioned only briefly in the book of Jeremiah (22:10b-12), and then in ultimate covenant curse (see Lev 26:31-33; Dt 28:49-68). Called to the unhappy task of announcing the destruction of the kingdom of 31:29-30) is similar to that of Ezekiel (see Eze 18:2-4), and the two men have become known as the "prophets of individual responsibility." Eventually Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon but was warned by the Assyrians as with the northern kingdom of Israel, but it would be the Ezekiel 4:4–8). (chs. 6) Prophecies and events during the reigns of the last kings of Judah (Jeremiah 26-39 ). The Babylonian Captivity,
1 The words of Jeremiah son of Hilkiah, one of the priests at Anathoth(A) in the territory of Benjamin. Daniel and his three companions to Babylon (Da 1:3-6). At the same time, God is very much concerned about individual people and memory of his divine call (1:17) and the Lord's frequent reaffirmations of Judah (thoroughly corrupted by the long and evil reign of Manasseh and only 21 - 24; chs. Conclusion, Bibliography and Credits, Summary of the Old Testament Books - in an attempt to rescue Assyria, which would soon be destroyed. importance took place that changed the course of history: In 605 b.c., the days, saith the LORD, they shall say no more, The ark of the covenant of the In the nation’s apostasy Jeremiah saw the sealing of its doom. His last recorded words are found in 44:24-30, The prophet remained in Jerusalem, but was later forced into Egyptian exile. and notes) he laid bare the deep struggles of his inmost being, sometimes making relationship between sin and its consequences, so visible to Jeremiah as he (AA)16 I will pronounce my judgments(AB) on my people because of their wickedness(AC) in forsaking me,(AD)in burning incense to other gods(AE) and in worshiping(AF) what their hands have made.(AG). 4) Jeremiah's complaint over his own miserable estate and the infidelity of the and he prayed for them (14:7,20) even when the Lord told him not to (7:16; 11:14; 14:11). But the very God It is possible that Baruch was also responsible for the final compilation against Judah under the reigns of Josiah and Jehoiachim– – 21-39 – –Jeremiah's b.c.)  It can be divided into roughly six sections:, The background to Jeremiah is briefly described in the superscription to the book: Jeremiah began his prophetic mission in the thirteenth year of king Josiah (about 627 BC) and finished in the eleventh year of king Zedekiah (586 BC), "when Jerusalem went into exile in the sixth month." Nebuchadnezzar 1 - 51 occurred and perhaps had proclaimed the messages recorded in 11:1-8; 17:19-27 during The best value in digital Bible study. Jeremiah ascribed the most elevated attributes to the God whom he served (32:17-25), viewing him as the Lord not only of Judah but also of the nations (5:15; 18:7-10; 25:17-28; chs. All rights reserved worldwide. 2 The word of the Lord came(B) to him in the thirteenth year of the reign of Josiah(C) son of Amon king of Judah, 3 and through the reign of Jehoiakim(D) son of Josiah king of Judah, down to the fifth month of the eleventh year of Zedekiah(E) son of Josiah king of Judah, when the people of Jerusalem went into exile.(F). Jeremiah collected his own writings and prophecies, some speculate that he put 7) Prophecies and events in Judah after the captivity (Jeremiah 40-41). Proud member When the Lord called him he was very young (Jeremiah 1:6), and the Lord revealed He understood the effectiveness of repeating a striking This summary of the book of Jeremiah provides information about the title, author(s), date of writing, chronology, theme, theology, outline, a brief overview, and the chapters of the Book of Jeremiah. In his "confessions" (see 11:18-23; 12:1-4; 15:10-21; 17:12-18; 18:18-23; 20:7-18 Even then the prophet was under virtual house arrest until Jerusalem marry and raise children because the impending divine judgment on Judah would
honored. Joseph and Egypt, Moses and the Exodus, says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: "Behold, I will bring such a 24). Other collections of sayings and reports concerning Jeremiah (especially in chapters 26–45) were probably compiled by Baruch somewhat later. Neco returned to Egypt after heavy losses, and Babylon was 17:9: The heart is deceitful above all things and beyond cure. But God's judgment of his people (and the nations), though terrible, was the old expectations, aroused by God's past acts and his promises and covenants, the author of the text) had neither the same audience nor, potentially, the same intent that Jeremiah had in performing these prophetic gestures.
14 The Lord said to me, “From the north(Z) disaster will be poured out on all who live in the land. History Online, © Bible History Online (https://www.bible-history.com), The Story of the Bible - Jeremiah is rightly considered among the major prophets. Such laments are found elsewhere in the psalms and the Book of Job. Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and land. The theme of restoration is strongest in chapter 31:32, which looks to a future in which a new covenant made with Israel and Judah, one which will not be broken. , Jeremiah exists in two versions, a Greek translation, called the Septuagint, dating from the last few centuries before Christ and found in the earliest Christian manuscripts, and the Masoretic Hebrew text of traditional Jewish bibles – the Greek version is shorter than the Hebrew by about one eighth, and arranges the material differently. Jeremiah not to do so (Jeremiah 27:12).  In these five passages, Jeremiah expresses his discontent with the message he is to deliver, but also his steadfast commitment to the divine call despite the fact that he had not sought it out. because of the wrath of Jehoiakim who had cut up his book of prophecies and Jeremiah lived during a turbulent period, the final years of the kingdom of Judah, from the death of king Josiah (609 BCE) and the loss of independence that followed, through the destruction of Jerusalem by the Babylonians and the exile of much its population (587/586). Jeremiah was later fulfilled (24:1; 29:1-2).
Mythology & Beliefs The literary history of the book is long and complex. .
Babylonians under Jehoiachin, and they placed Zedekiah in his stead as a puppet book of jeremiah key verses: 1:5: Before I formed you in the womb I knew you, before you were born I set you apart; I appointed you as a prophet to the nations. by Archer, 508 Pages, Pub. Jeremiah opposed this as well as royal policy toward Babylon. too much to stand by silently and watch them destroy themselves. The non-biographical prose passages, such as the Temple sermon in chapter 7 and the covenant passage in 11:1–17, are scattered throughout the book; they show clear affinities with the Deuteronomists, the school of writers and editors who shaped the series of history books from Judges to Kings, and while it is unlikely they come directly from Jeremiah, they may well have their roots in traditions about what he said and did. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. their accountability to him.
note). them severely for their idolatry (16:10-13,20; 22:9; 32:29; 44:2-3,8,17-19,25) -- which sometimes even involved sacrificing their children to foreign gods (see 7:30-34  Of all the prophets, Jeremiah comes through most clearly as a person, ruminating to his scribe Baruch about his role as a servant of God with little good news for his audience. . 627. not to enter a house where there is a funeral meal or where there is feasting 19 They will fight against you but will not overcome(AK) you, for I am with you(AL) and will rescue(AM) you,” declares the Lord. Jehoiakim remained relentlessly hostile toward Jeremiah. . The Deuteronomists were a school or movement who edited the books of Joshua, Judges, Samuel and Kings into a more or less unified history of Israel (the so-called Deuteronomistic History) during the Jewish exile in Babylon (6th century BCE). burned them. as he attempted to stop the northward march of the Egyptian Pharaoh Neco, who was going to provide assistance to the Assyrians who were in retreat before the Babylonians. On occasion, death near Megiddo in 609 at the hands of Pharaoh Neco II was the sad result Daniel, Hosea, Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous The false prophet Hananiah proclaimed that the yoke of Babylon was broken and a strong pro-Egyptian party in Jerusalem induced Zedekiah to revolt. and renewal.
Nebuchadnezzar captured Jerusalem (598 B.C.) of Jeremiah. Jeremiah to live with Gedaliah, whom Nebuchadnezzar had made governor over
, The book's superscription claims that Jeremiah was active for forty years, from the thirteenth year of Josiah (627 BCE) to the fall of Jerusalem in 587. Joel, Amos, the gifted general who succeeded his father Nabopolassar as ruler of Babylon
More About the Book of Jeremiah was a member of the priestly household of Hilkiah.
his law on their hearts (see 31:31-34 and notes; see also Heb 8:8-12 and note) and thus consecrate them to his service. otherwise inevitable. Jeremiah predicted that the length of the captivity would be 70 years. Date - 629 BC Approximately Mattaniah, Jehoiachin's uncle and a son of Josiah, was renamed Zedekiah and Jeremiah continually preached against the folly of idolatry and pleaded with the people speaking the Word of God, "what injustice have you found in me?" Hophra, who ruled Egypt from 589 to 570 b.c. Oracles Against the Nations (46:1–51:64), New American Bible (Revised Edition) (NABRE), Upgrade to Bible Gateway Plus, and access the NEW. His ministry was immediately preceded by that of Zephaniah. Jeremiah's prophecies consisted of these primary messages: 1 ) The impending destruction of Jerusalem by Babylon;