Important mangrove ecosystems are also represented across Belize's landscape. On 8 February 2008, Dean Barrow was sworn in as prime minister after his UDP won a landslide victory in general elections. The Maya speak their native languages and Spanish, and are also fluent in English and Belize Kriol. [76], Access to biocapacity in Belize is much higher than world average. The Belize Police Department began an Anti-Crime Christmas campaign targeting criminals; as a result, the crime rates dropped in that month. Both countries submitted requests to the ICJ (in 2018 and 2019, respectively) and the ICJ ordered Guatemala's initial brief be submitted by December 2020 and Belize's response by 2022. After a generation of wrangling, slavery was abolished in the British Empire in 1833. [19] It has been proposed that Delgado's "Balis" was actually the Mayan word belix (or beliz), meaning "muddy-watered". In a return engagement at the 2000 CARICOM championship in Barbados, Belize placed fourth. The Spanish employed them as soldiers, and they spread along the Caribbean coast of Central America. The Mestizo culture are people of mixed Spanish and Maya descent. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. 5,000 Garinagu were exiled from the Grenadine island of Baliceaux. The largest city in Belize is Belize City, which has a population of 57,000. [51] Other court cases have affirmed these rights like the Supreme Court of Belize's 2013 decision to uphold its ruling in 2010 that acknowledges customary land titles as communal land for indigenous peoples. (2010), Cherrington, E. A., Hernandez, B. E., Trejos, N. A., Smith, O. They are descendants of the Baymen slave owners, and slaves brought to Belize for the purpose of the logging industry. Fried "fry" chicken is also consumed at this time. These two events have been changing the demographics of the nation for the last 30 years.[107]. However, this ethnicity has become an integral part of the Belizean identity, and as a result it is now spoken by about 45% of Belizeans. Based on the latest US Census, the number of Belizeans in the United States is approximately 160,000 (including 70,000 legal residents and naturalized citizens), consisting mainly of Creoles and Garinagu. BEL was approximately 70% owned by Fortis Inc., a Canadian investor-owned distribution utility.

[108], Approximately 50% of Belizeans self-identify as Mestizo, Latino, or Hispanic and 30% speak Spanish as a native language.

There are also large communities of Asians, East Indians and expatriate Americans and Africans residing in Belize. While only some 6.4% of forests inside of legally declared protected areas were cleared between 1980 and 2010, over a quarter of forests outside of protected areas were lost between 1980 and 2010. [41][45][46] Guatemala's claim to Belizean territory rests, in part, on Clause VII of the Anglo-Guatemalan Treaty of 1859, which obligated the British to build a road between Belize City and Guatemala. With Price at the helm, the PUP won all national elections until 1984. [126] and comprise 0.16 percent of the population. The British first appointed a superintendent over the Belize area in 1786. Belize Estate's influence accounts in part for the colony's reliance on the mahogany trade throughout the rest of the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century. Statistical Institute of Belize. Belize has a tropical climate with pronounced wet and dry seasons, although there are significant variations in weather patterns by region. Providing Belize with quality, objective and timely information, 1902 Constitution Drive Belize Population Density and Housing Census 2020. Because a small elite controlled the settlement's land and commerce, former slaves had little choice but to continue to work in timber cutting.

2nd Floor For other uses, see, Country on the Caribbean coast of Central America, As part of the British Empire (1862–1981), Environment preservation and biodiversity, Emigration, immigration, and demographic shifts. [53] Despite these rulings, Belize has made little progress to support the land rights of indigenous communities; for instance, in the two years since the CCJ's decision, Belize's government has failed to launch the Mayan land registry, prompting the group to take action into its own hands. [19] More recently, it has been proposed that the name comes from the Mayan phrase "bel Itza", meaning "the road to Itza". [64] Belize's low human population and approximately 22,970 square kilometres (8,867 sq mi) of undistributed land make for an ideal home for the more than 5,000 species of plants and hundreds of species of animals, including armadillos, snakes, and monkeys. [74] Both studies indicate that each year, 0.6% of Belize's forest cover is lost, translating to the clearing of an average of 10,050 hectares (24,835 acres) each year. This is the population pyramid for Belize. It is claimed by scientists that over 40% of Belize's coral reef has been damaged since 1998.[79].
Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. In 1955, Hurricane Janet levelled the northern town of Corozal.

Colonization, slavery, and immigration have played major roles in affecting the ethnic composition of the population and as a result, Belize is a country with numerous cultures, languages, and ethnic groups. Belize has a diverse society that is composed of many cultures and languages that reflect its rich history. The largest city in Belize is , with a population of people. The PUP won a landslide victory in the 1998 national elections, and PUP leader Said Musa was sworn in as prime minister. There were many who died of disease after contact and invasion by Europeans. In some areas of Belize, however, Carnival is celebrated at the traditional time before Lent (in February).[140]. and A.D. 300 and flourished until about 1200. The 20th century saw the arrival of more Asian settlers from mainland China, South Korea, India, Syria, and Lebanon. [20], In the 1820s, the Creole elite of Belize invented the legend that the toponym Belize derived from the Spanish pronunciation of the name of a Scottish buccaneer, Peter Wallace, who established a settlement at the mouth of the Belize River in 1638. "Kitchen Spanish" is an intermediate form of Spanish mixed with Belize Creole, spoken in the northern towns such as Corozal and San Pedro. [119], The Association of Religion Data Archives estimates there were 7,776 Baháʼís in Belize in 2005, or 2.5% of the national population. Guatemala refused to recognize the new nation because of its longstanding territorial dispute with the British colony, claiming that Belize belonged to Guatemala. The Current Population of Belize is 386,211 where these numbers are equivalent to 0.01% of the world’s population. Geographically speaking, German Mennonites live mostly in the rural districts of Cayo and Orange Walk. The Belize Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Belize delivered by Worldometer's RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.

Trade is important and the major trading partners are the United States, Mexico, the United Kingdom, the European Union, and CARICOM. In order to adequately address these issues, we must have at least some basic understanding of the characteristics of the population, how the population has changed and is changing, and the causes and consequences of population change. As of 2020[update], the border dispute with Guatemala remains unresolved and contentious. [12] European contact began in 1492 when Christopher Columbus sailed along the Gulf of Honduras. Constitutional safeguards include freedom of speech, press, worship, movement, and association. [19] Delgado recorded the names of three major rivers that he crossed while travelling north along the Caribbean coast: Rio Soyte, Rio Xibum, and Rio Balis. Music comes mainly from the marimba, but they also play and sing with the guitar. A remote sensing study conducted by the Water Center for the Humid Tropics of Latin America and the Caribbean (CATHALAC) and NASA, in collaboration with the Forest Department and the Land Information Centre (LIC) of the government of Belize's Ministry of Natural Resources and the Environment (MNRE), and published in August 2010 revealed that Belize's forest cover in early 2010 was approximately 62.7%, down from 75.9% in late 1980. It allows API clients to download millions of rows of historical data, to query our real-time economic calendar, subscribe to updates and receive quotes for currencies, commodities, stocks and bonds. Some other mestizos came from El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, & Nicaragua. The other three banks are Heritage Bank, Atlantic Bank, and Scotiabank (Belize). Total area is the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines of Belize. It is distinctly Afro-Caribbean, and is sometimes said to be ready for international popularization like similarly-descended styles (reggae, calypso, merengue). [84], Despite these protective measures, the reef remains under threat from oceanic pollution as well as uncontrolled tourism, shipping, and fishing. [69][70] As a part of the globally significant Mesoamerican Biological Corridor that stretches from southern Mexico to Panama, Belize's biodiversity – both marine and terrestrial – is rich, with abundant flora and fauna. Belize , formerly known as British Honduras, is a Caribbean country located on the northeastern coast of Central America. Punta is a popular genre of Garifuna music and has become one of the most popular kinds of music in Belize. With 8,800 square miles of land, this gives Belize a population density of just 37 people per square mile.